Low-and middle-income countries
97% of drowning occurs in low-and middle-income countries
Drowning mortality highest in early childhood and for males for all ages in all regions.
Drowning accounts for 43% of all deaths in children aged 1-4 years.
Drowning is the leading cause of injury death in children aged 1-14 years.1
Drowning was the leading cause of all deaths for children aged 2 and over.
Almost all children (95%) who died could not swim.2
Drowning death rates are highest in the African Region,
10-13 times higher than those seen in the United Kingdom or Germany respectively.3
Drowning is the leading cause of unintentional injury death in children aged 1-3 years.
Drowning is the second leading cause of unintentional injury death in children aged 1-14 years.4
1.Child Drowning, UNICEF, Linnan et al. 2012
2.Sodara / UNICEF, 2007
3.Peden & McGee, The epidemiology of drowning worldwide, 2003